Frostbite is an injury that causes the skin and underlying tissues to freeze. Your skin gets really cold and red first, then numb, hard and pale first. Is most prevalent on the fingers, toes, nose, ears, cheeks and chin. Exposed skin is most susceptible to frostbite in cold, windy weather. But on skin protected by gloves or other clothes, frostbite may happen.
Frostnip is a milder form of cold injury that causes no lasting damage to the skin. With first-aid steps, including rewarming of the affected skin, you can treat frostnip. All other forms needs medical treatment because skin, tissues, muscles and bones may be affected. Infection and nerve damage include potential complications of extreme frostbite.
You might not know you have frostbite because of skin numbness, unless someone else points it out.
Frostbite happens in several phases:
Frostnip is a mild frostbite type. In the affected area, continued exposure contributes to numbness. You can experience pain and tingling as your skin warms. Frostnip doesn’t hurt the skin permanently.
Like reddened skin that turns white or pale, superficial frostbite appears. Your skin may start to feel warm, a sign of serious involvement in the skin. The surface of your skin can appear mottled if you treat with rewarming at this point. And stinging, burning and swelling may be noticed. After rewarming the skin,12 to 36 hours, a fluid-filled blister may appear.
Deep (severe) frostbite. It affects all layers of the skin including the tissues that lie below. In the affected area, the skin turns white or bluish gray and you can experience numbness, losing all sensations of cold, pain or discomfort. It is likely that joints or muscles no longer function. Large blisters form 24 to 48 hours after rewarming. Afterward, the area turns black and hard as the tissue dies.
Treat frostbites with essential oils
Massage up to 3 drops of undiluted geranium into the affected area. When the person is warm, massage the area with the following oil: